Migrant Birds in Sri Lanka

You can find migrant birds in Sri Lanka fleeing the harsh Northern Winters of Siberia and Western Europe each year. A country with a warm tropical climate, Sri Lanka is a paradise for birds. Sri Lanka is home to over 435 species of birds, 26 of which are endemic. There are many bird sanctuaries in the island. Water birds are attracted to reservoirs, whilst the forests attract other species of migrant birds.

  • You can find migrant birds in Sri Lanka fleeing the harsh Northern Winters of Siberia and Western Europe each year.  A country with a warm tropical climate, Sri Lanka is a paradise for birds.

    Sri Lanka is home to over 435 species of birds, 26 of which are endemic. There are many bird sanctuaries in the island. Water birds are attracted to reservoirs, whilst the forests attract other species of migrant birds.

    Bird migration routes are very long, and there is reason to believe that some migrant birds do stop halfway. There is no accurate data on the exact number of migratory birds arrive on the island, but we know that they remain until the end of the season.

    The bird migration season begins in early August and lasts until the end of March. Therefore, migrant birds to Sri Lanka are divided into summer and winter migrants. Surprisingly, Pink Tern is the only species belonging to the summer migrants. She arrives in Sri Lanka in late July, the sole purpose of breeding. All other migrant birds in Sri Lanka arrive in winter but do not reproduce.

    There are about 103 species of regular migrants, 50 species of rare migrants and more than 50 species of nomadic birds and stragglers. Nomadic birds are not known to migrate every year, but visit only occasionally. These birds include kingfisher, sandpiper, and the Philippine Shrike; they use three main routes – the western, eastern, and routes through the Andaman Islands.

    The beginning of the season is the best time to discover migrant birds. They are usually tired after the long flight and tend to stay in one place longer. But by end of the season, they gain strength and move very quickly and therefore because they are harder to spot. This the time they begin to feed and accumulate fat as well as shed feathers and plumage before preparing for their journey home.

    The Field Ornithology Group of Sri Lanka (FOGSL) is a good source for information on Migrant birds in Sri Lanka. Contact tourslanka to organize a Bird watching tour of Sri Lanka.